2013-01-25

Best Practice for Sensory Screening in Older Adults by Occupational Therapists: Where are we and where should we be?

It is currently unclear to what extent elements relevant to sensory impairment detection and screening (vision and/or hearing loss) should be included in the core-educational process of occupational therapists (OTs). The current employment environments for OTs include several growing clientele groups that require specific attention in service delivery based on their visual and hearing capacities. These groups are comprised of older adults (some with multiple chronic health conditions), patients with an acquired brain injury and persons requiring assistance with diabetes management. Given the current change in demographics in developed countries, improved diagnostic techniques for the detection of cortical trauma and the increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, this clientele is dramatically going to increase in the coming decades. As sensory impairment is often a co-morbid condition in these clients, and as vision and hearing impairment can dramatically interfere with rehabilitation service delivery, it is of the utmost importance to detect such sensory losses in order to be able to properly compensate with the necessary adaptations and/or refer to further required services. Therefore, the present study aims to identify whether there is a gap between evidence-based recommendations for the detection of sensory loss and the current practices in Quebec OT educational and employment settings.

Researchers:

  • Daphne Mulrooney, OT, MAB-Mackay Rehabilitation Centre
  • Walter Wittich, Ph.D., FAAO, CLVT, MAB-Mackay Rehabilitation Centre
  • Aliki Thomas, OT, Ph.D., School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University
  • Kenneth Southall, Ph.D., Institut Raymond Dewar
  • Olga Overbury, Ph.D., School of Optometry, University of Montreal, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University
  • Elizabeth Barstow, OT, Ph.D., Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Publications:


Wittich, W., Barstow, E., Jarry, J. & Thomas, A. (accepted). Screening for sensory impairment in older adults: Training and practice of occupational therapists in Quebec. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy.


Jarry, J., Mulrooney, D., Barstow, E., Thomas, A. & Wittich W. (2014). Training of Occupational Therapists in Sensory Impairment: Are we doing enough? Annual Meeting of the FRQ-S Vision Research Network, Montreal, Canada, poster.


Wittich, W., Thomas, A., & Barstow, E. (2014). Training of Occupational Therapists in Sensory Impairment: Are we doing enough? Envision 2014, Minneapolis, MN


Mulrooney, D., Wittich, W., Thomas, A, Overbury, O., Southall, K., Barstow, E. (2014). Best Practice for Sensory Screening in Older Adults by Occupational Therapists: Where are we and where should we be? Interactive Project Presentations Day, Edith Strauss Rehabilitation Research Day, Montreal, Canada, May 23, 2014.

Funding Source:


Edith Strauss Foundation
Powered by Edimaster PlusTM